Your spine has a natural degree of curvature that allows it to absorb the impact and stress of normal movement. Sometimes this curvature becomes too pronounced, causing misalignment and pain as spaces within your spinal canal become narrower at certain points and press on adjacent nerve roots. Here’s a quick breakdown of the three common causes of spine curvature disorders
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. Someone with scoliosis may have a spine that looks like a “C” or “S.” Any part of the spine can be bent in this way, but the most common regions are the thoracic (middle) or the lumbar (lower) part of the back.
Symptoms of scoliosis may include:
A rotating spine
A shoulder blade may be higher or stick out further than the other
Problems breathing due to reduction of the chest cavity for the lungs to expand
The treatment for scoliosis is primarily dependent upon how much more growth is expected by the patient and the severity of the curvature. Some treatments for scoliosis include:
Surgery (last option)
Kyphosis, the excessive forward flexing of the upper back related to aging, poor posture or congenital conditions, is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back. With kyphosis, the vertebrae bones collapse and the spine curves forward.
The symptoms for kyphosis are:
A slight hump in the upper back
Pain in the neck, shoulder and back region
Loss of height
Fatigue and difficulty standing upright (may worsen as the day progresses)
Treatment for kyphosis is primarily dependent upon the severity of the curvature. Some treatments for kyphosis include:
Observation and regularly scheduled check-ups
A back brace
Physical therapy and exercises.
Surgery (last option)
A spine that has significantly curved inward may be a sign of lordosis, sometimes referred to as swayback. In some cases, the curvature will be flexible enough to correct itself when moving forward, which often means there will be no need for medical intervention.
Significant space at the bottom of the spine when lying down
Pain associated with movement
Buttocks appearing more prominent
This condition often corrects itself
There will usually be no need for medical intervention
In the case of severe pain from this condition, there are options for pain management