Facet Joint Syndrome Overview:
Facet joints help stabilize the spine and limit excessive motion, specifically helping with motions such as bending or twisting. Facet joint syndrome occurs when the facet joints become stressed and damaged and create pain for a patient. Cartilage loss (facet osteoarthritis) is a common cause of facet joint syndrome and occurs when the cartilage that covers the stressed facet joints wears away. The joints then become swollen and stiff and begin to rub directly against each other, leading to the growth of bone spurs along the edges of the facet joints. This damage can occur from everyday wear and tear, injury to the back or neck (e.g., a car accident causing whiplash), degenerative disc disease and/or osteoarthritis.