Back Pain & Strain Overview:
Back pain/strain can occur in any of the Cervical (neck), Lumbar (lower back), and Thoracic (mid or upper back) spine. These pains may occur separate or together. Herniated discs, compression fractures and postural disorders are the most common causes of upper back pain.
- Muscle strain: sometimes referred to as a muscle pull, occurs when a muscle is torn or over stretched, causing damage to the muscle fibers.
- Lumbar strain: occurs when the ligaments that connect the muscles to the bones and joints in the lower back become torn or over stressed.
- Whiplash Associated Disorders: This is typically referred to the neck, but can happen anywhere in the spine. It refers to muscle strain, but can also have a negative effect on the joints and discs in the spine as well.
In any case, the cause of the acute pain is not the actual tear or strain, but rather the inflammation and/or back spasms that occur as a result of the tear or strain. The pain can range from a mild ache to completely debilitating. The lumbar or muscle strain is commonly caused by sports activity that involves sudden movements or twisting (like a baseball, tennis or golf swing) and can also be caused by any sudden impact movement, lifting heavy objects or a fall.